Research projects

Project CEMAPRE internal

TitleChild Labor determinants and outcomes in Europe: a historical, comparative and empirical approach
ParticipantsGianluca Ferrittu, Pedro Goulart, Nuno Sobreira (Principal Investigator)
SummaryChild labor is a global challenge but understudied. While there is a large literature on present-day
child labor,
longitudinal studies are scarce and necessary for informing policy and academic debates. To advance
understanding of the historical trajectory of child labor, this project innovates by applying a
comparative approach
and distinguishing labor contribution across ages. On the former, it systematizes longitudinal data
on child labor
variation in Western Europe and particularly in under-researched areas (Northern and Southern
investigating how it decreased. On the latter, it will estimate child (10-14 year olds) and youth
(15-19 year olds)
participation rate in the labor market.
This project comprises three essays: (i) given most child labor is in agriculture, it explores its
interaction with
agricultural development in Europe; (ii) it identifies the main drivers of overall child labor
decline; and (iii) it
contrasts the long-term change of school enrolment and child labor